88mm tank round

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88mm tank round

The 8. It was developed and built by Krupp. The KwK 36 was derived from the 8. The breech block was of vertical falling wedge type and operated semi-automatically, meaning that after firing the empty cartridge case was automatically ejected, while the breech cocked itself and remained open, ready to receive the next round. The "L56" in the designation is a traditional measurement for artillery pieces.

The inside diameter of a gun tube is considered one caliber. Thus, it is not an absolute unit of measurement; it is a proportionate one, and thus is rarely used while considering overall dimensions.

Rather, it is used to denote how much velocity a gun will generate for its bore size. The longer the tube is in relation to its bore, the higher the muzzle velocity it can generate. A longer gun barrel allows the expanding gas from the shell's charge to act on the projectile longer than a short barrel, imparting it more velocity and force. For the Tiger II 's 8. Shorter tubes are most useful for indirect fire, such as howitzers or infantry support.

For anti-armour purposes using traditional solid shot, a long to very-long tube is needed, to generate the necessary velocity. The KwK 36 was very accurate and high-powered, and its high muzzle velocity produced a very flat trajectory. This allowed its gunners a higher margin of error in estimating range.

8.8 cm KwK 36

The sighting system resulted in excellent firing accuracy for the 8. The gun's performance was highly dependent on distance to target and type of ammunition loaded. For kinetic penetration, the speed of the projectile upon impact is crucial, and cumulative effect of air resistance decreases the velocity of the shell as the distance to the target increases.

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The accuracy achieved during controlled test firing to determine the pattern of dispersion gives a greater accuracy than the variation expected during practice firing on a range due to differences between guns, ammunition and gunners; both at precisely known distances.

Observing the tracer from the first round in battle, the average, calm gunner might achieve the firing range accuracy shown in the second column with the second round fired at the same target. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Tiger I tank gun. For the renowned German "88", see 8. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.

Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Type of Kampfwagenkanone. A captured Tiger I tank fitted with the 8. Overmatch Press. German artillery of World War II. Stielgranate 41 Stielgranate Hidden categories: Articles lacking in-text citations from January All articles lacking in-text citations Articles needing additional references from January All articles needing additional references Articles with multiple maintenance issues Articles with short description Articles containing German-language text Commons category link is on Wikidata.Founded in Skip to content.

Quick links. USSR 76mm vs. Hosted by Vikki. Not only in killing power but accuracy and production. I may be asking too much for one thread. I am not sure which main gun was considered the best for the USSR. Also the US 76mm was a decent weapon also but the 90mm AA gun was converted to compete with the German 88 mounted tanks.

I have read the 17pdr 76mm? Do you think the 17pdr was the best? Or does the 88 still win out? Re: 17pdr vs. Having said that, the bigger calibres fired much more effective HE shells so were better for general-purpose use. Tony Williams: Military gun and ammunition website and Discussion forum.

In fact, little seems to have published in the West about the different Russian guns and their performance, by comparison with other nations' tank guns. Tony Williams. Later on, the British got around this by loading 17 pdr HE shells to a much lower velocity than the AP which of course they could have done from the start.

After that, the 75mm had no advantage. The US 76mm proved rather disappointing, in part because the AP shells were initally not well made and tended to break up on impact. The British 77mm used in the Comet tank was better, although it only came out late in the war.

So the Germans had to develop much bigger guns to achieve the same penetration. You are right that the larger calibres did more damage after penetration.Before the day was over, the plane had flown some four hours eastward in an armada of 1, bombers to strike Leuna, a large chemical complex lying deep inside Germany. The plane suffered nearly fatal damage from fierce air defense fire from the 88mm Fliegerabwehrkanone FlaK and other anti-aircraft guns.

As they worked their way back toward safety in England, the two port engines began smoking and had to be shut down and the two remaining engines cranked up as much as possible to keep the Fortress in the air. As they approached the base at Molesworth, the heavy Fortress was grossly underpowered and intermittently stalling. The plane had been vibrating wildly in the air, but it eventually skid to a stop after spinning in circles across a grass strip adjacent to the main runway.

The crew had managed to return safely from another trip over Germany despite having suffered tremendous damage, including more than holes, mostly caused by the fierce ground fire over Leuna. Others were not so fortunate. Twenty-five of the 1, bombers sent out that morning never returned and another were damaged, largely from antiaircraft fire.

The Luftwaffe was a shadow of its former self at that point in the war, but German defense—bolstered by the 88s and larger guns—was credited with destroying 6, Anglo-American planes and damaging 27, others in alone. The 88 earned its reputation as the best overall gun of the war. It was justifiably feared by Allied airmen, tankers, and foot soldiers because of its accuracy, lethality, and versatility.

The weapon was deployed on German tanks, as an antitank gun, an assault gun, and for antiaircraft purposes. The weapon even grudgingly made it into American comics during the war with cartoonist Bill Maudlin showing character G.

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Machinery for producing both the barrels and the ammunition was readily available at the production facilities of both Krupp AG and Rheinmetall. The German Kriegsmarine had adopted the gun largely because a round of 88mm ammunition was considered the largest and heaviest about 34 pounds that a single man could handle.

The World War I model could fire a 9. Even then the Germans relied on rudimentary trailers, stabilized by folding outrigger arms on each side, pulled by tractors to give the guns a great degree of mobility. By late the Germans had even implemented rudimentary forms of centralized fire control for the weapon. At the end of World War I, the Versailles Treaty brought stringent sanctions on the German military and industrial complex, especially on Krupp and Rheinmetall.

Both firms established relationships with foreign companies, enabling research and development to continue away from the vigilant Versailles inspectors. By the first few examples of the updated 88 were in the hands of the Wehrmacht. The fullscale production of the officially designated 88mm FlaK 18 was underway by early The 18 was used in the name designation in an effort to mislead the treaty observers into believing that the design was a mere copy of the model.

In reality, the updated weapon was a dramatic step forward. The next round could be inserted by hand or with a powerassisted rammer.

The highly mobile axle bogies could lower the cruciform firing platform for more stabilized firing. The barrel could be swung a full degrees, and a trained gun crew could fire upward of 20 rounds per minute. That FlaK 18 had a one-piece barrel with an expected service life of rounds using cordite-type propellant and projectiles employing copper driving bands.

This short barrel life would necessitate the replacement of barrels under field conditions.

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Rheinmetall came up with a three-piece barrel solution, enabling field technicians to simply replace the center section, which endured the most firing punishment. The use of the small sections of the inner tube eliminated what would have been severe maintenance, servicing, and field supply problems. The introduction of the three-piece barrel, called the RA 9, did present other unforeseen difficulties. For one thing, high-priced and scarce steel needed to be used because the new barrel lacked the rigidity of the earlier one-piece construction.

Closer machining tolerances also were required, which necessitated additional man hours in construction, and the heavier barrel resulted in carriage component changes in the recoil and equilibrator mechanisms. Eventually a two-section inner barrel was introduced to lessen wear and tear and decrease incidents of shell jamming.

The use of the RA 9 and the modified carriage resulted in the 88mm FlaK As the war progressed, the use of such propellants as Diglycol and Gudol lessened barrel wear. The eventual replacement of copper driving bands by sintered iron bands also lessened wear compared to the more expensive and hard to find copper. These developments increased barrel life to 6,—and in some cases to 10,— rounds, eliminating the initial reason for the multi-barrels. But the German production lines could not be easily changed, so the Nazis continued to produce the expensive and time-consuming multi-barrels until the last year of the war when a plant in Pilsen was able to produce a monobloc barrel using a novel vertical centrifuge casting process.The 8.

It was widely used by Germany throughout World War IIand was one of the most recognized German weapons of that conflict. Development of the original model led to a wide variety of guns. The name applies to a series of related guns, the first one officially called the 8. In English, " flak " became a generic term for ground anti-aircraft fire. In informal use, the guns were universally known as the Acht-acht "eight-eight" by Germans and the "eighty-eight" by the Allies.

The versatile carriage allowed the 8. This gun served as the main armament of the Tiger I heavy tank. In addition to these Krupp designs, Rheinmetall later created a more powerful anti-aircraft gun, the 8.

Krupp responded with another prototype of the long-barreled 8. Initially, anti-aircraft artillery guns of World War I were adaptations of existing medium- caliber weapons, mounted to allow fire at higher angles.

Bythe German command realized that these were useless for anything beyond deterrence, even against the vulnerable balloons and slow-moving aircraft of the period.

88mm tank round

It was this muzzle velocity, combined with a projectile of high weight, that made the 8. After losing the war, Germany had been forbidden under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles from procuring new weapons of most types. Nevertheless, the Krupp company started the development of a new gun in partnership with Bofors of Sweden. Prototype 88s were first produced in The Flak 18 was mounted on a cruciform gun carriage.

A simple-to-operate "semi-automatic" loading system ejected fired shells, allowing it to be reloaded by simply inserting a new shell into a tray. The gun would then fire and recoil; during the return stroke, the empty case would be thrown backward by levers, after which a cam would engage and recock the gun.

This resulted in firing rates of 15 to 20 rounds a minute, which was better than similar weapons of the era. Widespread production started with the Nazi rise to power inand the Flak 18 was available in small numbers when Germany intervened in the Spanish Civil War.

88mm tank round

It quickly proved to be the best anti-aircraft weapon then available. This experience also demonstrated a number of minor problems and potential improvement opportunities. The Flak 18's carriage allowed it to fire in an emergency when still on its wheels and without its outriggersbut with a very limited traverse and elevation.

The weight of the gun meant that only large vehicles could move it, the Sd. Targeting indicators were attached to the central controller to each of the four guns of a battery, allowing for coordinated fire. Indeed, with the automatic loading system, the gun layers' job was to keep the gun barrel trained on the target area based on the signals from the controller.In the Spanish Civil Warthe German Condor Legion deployed a mobile flak detachment with 88s, which proved accurate and versatile in combat.

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The flak detachment with 88s proved accurate and versatile in combat against mainly land targets, the high muzzle velocity and large caliber efficient heavy projectile making it an excellent long-range anti-vehicle and anti-bunker weapon. Complete original 88mm FlaK of German manufacture. This FlaK can be purchased as it is or totally restored by our experienced restoration team.

It is deactivated.


It belonged to the Spanish Army. The FlaK is located in Madrid Spainthe price is on request or best offer. Only serious offers please. The war in Spain, with its wildly fluctuating front lines and the presence of Russian tanks, forced the Germans to employ the FlaK 18 guns in a direct fire mode against ground targets. By the end of the war the mm guns had performed far more missions as an anti-tank and direct-fire Field Artillery gun than as an anti-aircraft gun.

During the war German mm guns were involved in combat engagements, only 31 were against enemy aircraft. His experience also demonstrated a number of minor problems and potential improvement opportunities.

The FlaK 18 were built with a one-piece gun barrel but was later supplemented by a better model, the 88mm FlaK 36, which had a multi-section gun barrel on which just the worn part closest the chamber must be replaced after extensive shooting.

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88mm tank round

WW2live is a division of Yourwhislist E-commerce, S. Skip to main content. Search this site. Toys Dolls Vehicles. Operation Varsity. An Impeccable Spy: Richard Sorge.With all these preambles, when the idea of making a 88 Replica came onto our table it was felt as a daring challenge by all the Technoframes Team. How do we keep our quality standard for such a large round? How do we make it?

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What kind of realism do we want to achieve? What do we know about it? These and many other questions came up and the first year of research and development rapidly passed while visiting museums, inquiring with historians and debating on the proper ways, techniques and materials to reproduce such a historical piece.

But we are the ammo replica World leading Company and we knew compromises were not an option, so after two years of hard work the new humungous Replica saw the light. The result? The most astonishing Replica round we have ever produced! An extremely accurate reproduction of the Anti-Aircraft ammunition used on FlaK 18, 36 and 37 fitted with the A.

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Percussion primer is also reproduced at the bottom of the cartridge along with its distinctive stamped marks. The techniques we use are the old fashion stencil hand painting for shells and a modern laser engraving for the cartridge bottom to improve wear resistance overtime. This is the glossary of the markings:. The cartridge case is built in three pieces including the bimetallic driving bands black markingdouble degree crimps.

The KwK 36 could fire the same ammunition as the FlaK 18 or The only difference were the primers that were of percussion type in the FlaK guns and electric in KwK Also the ballistics were identical and both guns had a 56 caliber barrel. The techniques we use are the old fashion stencil hand painting for the shells and a modern laser engraving for the cartridge bottom to improve wear resistance overtime.

The 8.


Number wise by August there were nearly 11, units of 88mm FlaK guns in service out of 20, produced. The High-Explosive shell Sprenggranate, Sprgr. The Armor-Piercing projectile Panzergranate, Pzgr. It contained a small explosive charge and a base detonating fuze with a tracer element in its base.Participation Requirements: Valid Credit Card required for bidding approval. Sales Tax: Click here for tax information. We will contact you after the auction to arrange payment and shipping.

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88mm tank round

You have either logged in somewhere else or your session has expired. Please reload the page and login again. Go to Catalog. Got One to Sell? Add To Wish List. Text Reminder. Open Fullscreen. Item Views. This round was so effective it devastated the battlefields in Russia and Europe by utterly destroying Allied tanks and field gun emplacements with single shots kills out to meters, as well as its use as an anti-aircraft weapon in defending the fatherland.

Now you would not think that with millions and millions of these round manufactured during WWII you would see a lot of these around however that is not the case as The 88mm steel shell weighs approximately "22 lbs" and is approximately 15 inches long. Very good condition overall with the brass shell casing having a tarnished patina finish with clear sharp markings on the base.

The wooden storage case is all intact with tight dovetailed corners with clear stenciled markings on top.

The Deadly 88 — Was Germany’s Flak 18/37 the best gun of World War Two?

The wooden box is probably even more rare than the round itself, as these became firewood in Click here to see keyboard shortcuts.

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